Bed Bug Color
Unfed adult bed bugs are mahogany to rusty brown color. Engorged bed bugs are red-brown color after a blood meal. Nymphs (baby bed bugs) are nearly colorless when they first hatch and become brownish as they mature.
Count of Legs
Bed Bug Shape
Unfed bed bugs are flat and broad-oval. Fed bugs become swollen and more elongated.
Bed Bug Size
Adult bed bugs can reach a size of about 114inch long. Nymphs range from 1.3 mm to 4-5 mm.
Bed Bug Feeding
Bed bugs are attracted to the carbon dioxide emitted by their hosts. For this reason, they tend to feed at night on bare skin that is exposed while sleeping. However, they are opportunistic insects and will consume a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily-infested areas. Although bed bugs prefer to feed on humans, they will feed on other warm-blooded hosts as well.
Bed bugs usually require 5-10 minutes to engorge with blood. They feed by inserting two hollow, beaklike feeding tubes into their host. The first tube injects the bug's saliva, which contains anesthetics to numb the feeding area. The second tube draws blood. After feeding, they move to secluded places and hide for 5-10 days. During this time, they do not feed but instead digest their meal, mate and lay eggs.
Bed Bug Life Cycle
Bed bug biology naturally promotes infestation. Female bed bugs lay one to five eggs per day, or an
average of 540 eggs in a lifetime. They typically lay their eggs in cracks or rough surfaces. Bed bug
nymphs grow to full adulthood in about 21 days and go through five stages of development before they reach maturity. A bed bug will molt once during each stage of development, though a blood meal is required for a molt. An adult bed bug can live for several months without a blood meal.
Bed Bug History
Bed bugs have been a household pest issue for more than 3,300 years, dating back to ancient Egypt.
They were first brought to the United States by early colonists, where they thrived for many decades.
However, by the 1950's bed bugs had been all but eradicated in the developed world, thanks to the availability of new pest control products, coupled with the widespread use of vacuums and washing machines which helped to control the spread of infestations in living spaces.
Several factors led to the resurgence of bed bugs beginning in the late 1990's; increased international travel, more targeted pest control products and methods and a lack of public awareness about pest prevention methods.
PreventionVacuum suitcases after returning from a vacation. Check your bedsheets for tell-tale blood spots. Bed bugs are elusive creatures, so it is imperative to seek professional pest control to address an infestation.
Please contact us to find out how we may help with your bed bug issue.
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